New treatments for dementia
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Method of Doctor Statnikov. Alzheimer's disease

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Tom Kitwood

Tom KitwoodHe was an English social psychologist and Psychogerontologe and developed in the years 1987 to 1995 in response to a one-dimensional, shaped by the natural sciences and medicine Social Psychology and Health Culture its further theory * on the basis of "person-centered approach" (PZA). The PZA is also how the psychotherapy (GPT), and "person-centered therapy" or now "Person-Centered Psychotherapy" called - as a healing process within the PZA. Tom Kitwood with colleagues developed based on this basic orientation the * theory or method of Dementia Care Mapping.

Given his private as well as professional experience in dealing with people with dementia is Kitwood firstly the so-called "standard paradigm", namely the "medical model" because of its implications and contradictions in principle. According to this paradigm, the neurological and medical point of view is in the form of dementia in the foreground. The experience of people with dementia is paid no real attention. Showy behavior is interpreted as an expression of just the dementia and is a purely medical problem, which can be primarily addressed effectively only through means of medicine. Care and support have at best palliative. This view is preparing the ground slightly before the prosperity of poor dementia care. But feelings of powerlessness and helplessness and guilt among caregivers can easily be triggered in such a field of work.

In return, a new paradigm Kitwood ago, "in which the person comes first." Many people have already found a intuitive approach in the sense of this new paradigm and apply it in a new "Dementia Care Culture" at. The uniqueness of the demented person, it should be noted and appreciated. The focus is on the relationship of interacting people. Kitwoods sight is not so much healing of dementia within the meaning of the standard paradigm, but well-being and gelingende relationship affects their results in both directions (from dementia and nurses). In the encounter with the people with dementia namely to win something and the nurses. Not the success of therapeutic efforts, but the mere attentive encounter is precious.

As in the person centered psychotherapy of Carl Rogers sees Kitwood the person on the one hand as an expert on her experience and is focusing his attention especially on the aspect of the meeting by Martin Buber. Its concepts of the "I-thou" relationship and "meeting" are regarded as the spiritual home of Carl Rogers, which is why his anthropology also great similarity with Buber's concept has (vlg Wolfgang Keil. Historical development of person-centered approach). Unique points of contact there is with regard to the formulated by Carl Rogers basic conditions (authenticity, appreciation and empathy) for a helpful relationship from person to person. In Buber's I-Thou encounter also Kitwood sees the crucial starting point for an understanding of personhood. He stressed that the understanding of dementia is important "to see personhood in terms of relationship."


https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Kitwood

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